According to United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Children with disabilities are one of the most marginalized and excluded groups in society. Facing daily discrimination in the form of negative attitudes, lack of adequate policies and legislation, they are effectively barred from realizing their rights to healthcare, education, and even survival.
Children who are not enrolled in school but who could participate if schools had the capacity in terms of knowledge, skills and equipment to respond to their needs.
Example: Inaccessible school infrastructure which prevents children with physical disabilities from going to school; or lack of accommodating teaching methods and instruction for children with learning difficulties.
Children with disabilities enrolled in school but excluded from learning because the curriculum has not been adapted to their needs or teachers do not have the capacity or time to make the necessary adaptations, and/or they do not have access to assistive devices necessary for their learning needs.
Example: Children with low vision who are unable to see the blackboard without eyeglasses.
Children with severe disabilities who require additional specialized support, whether in school or not. This group is relatively small (2-3% of all children with disabilities).
Example: Children with moderate to severe disabilities or children with multiple disabilities